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[CHEMOSPHERE],卷: 222 页: 534-540
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题目:Isolation of diverse pyrene-degrading bacteria via introducing readily utilized phenanthrene

 

作者:Zeng, J (Zeng, Jun); Zhu, QH (Zhu, Qinghe) ; Li, YJ (Li, Yanjie) ; Dai, YL (Dai, Yeliang) ; Wu, YC (Wu, Yucheng); Sun, YH (Sun, Yuhan); Miu, LY (Miu, Luyi) ; Chen, H (Chen, Hong); Lin, XG (Lin, Xiangui)

 

刊物:CHEMOSPHERE,卷: 222  页: 534-540

DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.01.189

出版年: MAY 2019

 

摘要:

Bacteria able to degrade pyrene play a critical role in the biodegradation of high-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). However, the traditional isolation procedure only obtains strains related to the genus Mycobacterium. The aim of the present study was to develop a modified method to isolate taxonomically distinct pyrene-degrading strains. The results indicated that replacing pyrene with phenanthrene in the isolation step improved the isolation efficiency. Using the modified method, six PAH degraders belonging to the genera Bosea, Arthrobacter, Paenibacillus, Bacillus, and Rhodococcus were obtained. They were capable of effectively utilizing pyrene (similar to 100%) as their sole carbon source, and could co-metabolize the degradation of benzo [a]pyrene (26.9-71.5%). In contrast, a small amount of pyrene (5.6%) and benzo [a]pyrene (8.6%) were degraded by a phenanthrene-degrading Sphingobium sp. NS7 under the same conditions. The difference in PAHs degradation between agar plate culture and liquid culture may lead to the low isolation efficiency in the traditional procedure. Hereditary stability analysis showed that PAH degradation capability of the Bosea, Paenibacillus, and Rhodococcus strains were easily lost without PAH pressure, which may partly explain why those strains were difficult to obtain using the traditional method. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.








 

 

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