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Determination and validation of soil thresholds for cadmium based on food quality standard and health risk assessment
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作者:Ding, CF (Ding, Changfeng) ; Ma, YB (Ma, Yibing); Li, XG (Li, Xiaogang) ; Zhang, TL (Zhang, Taolin); Wang, XX (Wang, Xingxiang) 

 

题目:Determination and validation of soil thresholds for cadmium based on food quality standard and health risk assessment

 

刊物:SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,卷: 619  页: 700-706

DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.137

出版年: APR 1 2018

 

文章下载:https://ac.els-cdn.com/S0048969717331959/1-s2.0-S0048969717331959-main.pdf?_tid=f65ac3c1-16f3-46cf-930a-c20a10b7f052&acdnat=1521421641_ac5df3e59755439c84d9ec7f6f696023

 

摘要:

Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant with high rates of soil-plant transfer. It is essential to establish an accurate soil threshold for the implementation of soil management practices. This study takes root vegetable as an example to derive soil thresholds for Cd based on the food quality standard as well as health risk assessment using species sensitivity distribution (SSD). A soil type-specific bioconcentration factor (BCF, ratio of Cd concentration in plant to that in soil) generated from soil with a proper Cd concentration gradient was calculated and applied in the derivation of soil thresholds instead of a generic BCF value to minimize the uncertainty. The sensitivity variations of twelve root vegetable cultivars for accumulating soil Cd and the empirical soil-plant transfer model were investigated and developed in greenhouse experiments. After normalization, the hazardous concentrations from the fifth percentile of the distribution based on added Cd (HC5(add)) were calculated from the SSD curves fitted by Burr Type III distribution. The derived soil thresholds were presented as continuous or scenario criteria depending on the combination of soil pH and organic carbon content. The soil thresholds based on food quality standard were on average 0.7-fold of those based on health risk assessment, and were further validated to be reliable using independent data from field survey and published articles. The results suggested that deriving soil thresholds for Cd using SSD method is robust and also applicable to other crops as well as other trace elements that have the potential to cause health risk issues. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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