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Mechanisms of biochar reducing the bioaccumulation of PAHs in rice from soil: Degradation stimulation vs immobilization
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作者:Ni, N (Ni, Ni) ; Wang, F (Wang, Fang) ; Song, Y (Song, Yang) ; Bian, YR (Bian, Yongrong) ; Shi, RY (Shi, Renyong) ; Yang, XL (Yang, Xinglun); Gu, CG (Gu, Chenggang) ; Jiang, X (Jiang, Xin) 

 

题目:Mechanisms of biochar reducing the bioaccumulation of PAHs in rice from soil: Degradation stimulation vs immobilization

 

刊物:CHEMOSPHERE,卷: 196  页: 288-296

DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.12.192

 

文章下载:https://ac.els-cdn.com/S0045653517321707/1-s2.0-S0045653517321707-main.pdf?_tid=3e97fdff-6a06-44b8-8d16-08c4dfd3fe53&acdnat=1520489388_d81a302d287d97bab7342a6f8d138797

 

摘要:

This study aimed to elucidate the mechanisms by which biochar reduces the bioaccumulation of poly cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in rice under anaerobic conditions. Corn straw- or bamboo-derived biochar pyrolyzed at 300 degrees C and 700 degrees C (CB300 or BB700), respectively, was amended into flooded PAH-contaminated soil. After harvest 2% CB300, 0.5% BB700 or 2% BB700 amendments reduced the bioaccumulation of PAHs in rice root, especially that of high-molecular-weight PAHs (p < .05). Total PAH concentrations were higher, and their bioavailable concentrations were lower in BB700-amended soils than the control. The stimulation of PAH desorption from BB by low-molecular-weight organic acids (LMWOAs) was gentle and did not significantly retard the adsorption of PAHs on BB700, indicating that BB700 reduced PAH bioavailability primarily via immobilization. The total and bioavailable concentrations of PAHs were both lower in the 2% CB300-treated soils than the control. LMWOAs facilitated PAH release from CB300-amended soils, thus increasing the bioavailability of immobilized PAHs. The relative abundances of the bacteria, functional genes, and methanogens involved in PAH anaerobic degradation were significantly higher in the 2% CB300 treatment than other treatments. Fast PAH dissipation in soil amended with 2% CB300 may be attributed to the increased bioavailability of immobilized PAHs and enhanced biodegradation, both of which were induced by LMWOAs and CB. In summary, biochar types and root presence jointly affected the mechanisms by which biochar reduced the bioaccumulation of PAHs in rice under anaerobic conditions. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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