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[SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT]Biogeography and diversity patterns of abundant and rare bacterial communities in rice paddy soils across China
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作者:Hou, JY (Hou, Jinyu) ; Wu, LH (Wu, Longhua) ; Liu, WX (Liu, Wuxing); Ge, YY (Ge, Yanyan); Mu, TT (Mu, Tingting) ; Zhou, T (Zhou, Tong) ; Li, Z (Li, Zhu) ; Zhou, JW (Zhou, Jiawen) ; Sun, X (Sun, Xi) ; Luo, YM (Luo, Yongming)

 

题目:Biogeography and diversity patterns of abundant and rare bacterial communities in rice paddy soils across China

 

刊物:SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,卷: 730     文献号: 139116

DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139116

出版年: AUG 15 2020

 

下载链接:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969720326334?via%3Dihub

 

摘要:

Bacteria are critical ecosystem drivers in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. However, our understanding of the mechanisms generating and maintaining biodiversity on large spatial scales remains limited, especially mechanisms involving rare taxa in soil ecosystems. In the present study we took paddy soils in China as model ecosystems and studied the ecological diversity and assembly mechanisms of both the rare and abundant bacterial subcommunities. We collected 339 paddy soil samples from 113 sites across 19 Chinese provinces that span distances of up to 3869 km. The bacterial community was characterized by high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. The a-diversity of rare and abundant subcommunities showed opposite quadratic correlations with the key environmental factor soil pH. Rare taxa exhibited a stronger distance-decay relationship than the abundant subcommunity. Moreover, deterministic selection processes dominated in the assembly of the abundant subcommunity while stochastic processes dominated in that of the rare subcommunity based on both variation partitioning analysis and the phylogenetic null model. Soil pH was also the main deterministic factor driving the geographical distributions of both the rare and abundant subcommunity. Besides, mean annul temperature and soil texture were also found to be important factors affecting the biogeography and diversity patterns of abundant and rare subcommunities. These results indicate that the mechanisms generating and maintaining the diversity of the abundant and rare subcommunities were totally different in paddy soils, suggesting that these two subcommunities may respond differently to future environmental change. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

 

 

 


 

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