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[ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION],卷: 255 子辑: 2,文献号: 113312
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作者:Li, XN (Li, Xiaona) ; Qu, CS (Qu, Changsheng) ; Bian, YR (Bian, Yongrong); Gu, CG (Gu, Chenggang) ; Jiang, X (Jiang, Xin); Song, Y (Song, Yang) 

 

题目:New insights into the responses of soil microorganisms to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon stress by combining enzyme activity and sequencing analysis with metabolomics

 

刊物:ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION,卷: 255  子辑: 2,文献号: 113312

DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113312

出版年: DEC 2019

 

摘要:

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), some of the most widespread organic contaminants, are highly toxic to soil microorganisms. Whether long-term polluted soils can still respond to the fresh input of pollutants is unknown. In this study, the soil enzyme activity, soil microbial community structure and function and microbial metabolism pathways were examined to systematically investigate the responses of soil microorganisms to fresh PAH stress. Microbial activity as determined by soil dehydrogenase and urease activity was inhibited upon microbe exposure to PAH stress. In addition, the soil microbial community and function were obviously shifted under PAH stress. Both microbial diversity and richness were decreased by PAH stress. Rhizobacter, Sphingobium, Mycobacterium, Massilia, Bacillus and Pseudarthrobacter were significantly affected by PAH stress and can be considered important indicators of PAH contamination in agricultural soils. Moreover, the majority of microbial metabolic function predicted to respond to PAH stress were affected adversely. Finally, soil metabolomics further revealed specific inhibition of soil metabolism pathways associated with fatty acids, carbohydrates and amino acids. Therefore, the soil metabolic composition distinctively changed, reflecting a change in the soil metabolism. In summary, fresh contaminant introduction into long-term polluted soils inhibited microbial activity and metabolism, which might profoundly affect the whole soil quality. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

 

 


 

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